Turpan is located in a depression with the area of more than 1000 square kilometers of the eastern part of Xinjiang and some 80 meters below the sea level. And nearby the Moon Lake， or Eding Lake in local language， the lowest water surface is 154 meters below the sea level， the second lowest continental point in the world after the Dead Sea. Turpan is called the Land of Fire， which was derived from the intense summer temperature， the highest ever recorded was 47.5oC and in summer the ground surface temperature is about 70oC. The Depression is characterized by high tempature and rare perspiration， so it is hot but it is not wet， during summer， although it is extremely hot， the streets are full of people.
The water from the surrounding mountains and underflow nourishes the depression. And the local people developed a unique irrigation system: ”Karez”， by which water is introduced to the agricultural oasis surrounded by desert. Turpan is famous for its grapes produce. Once in Turpan Depression， one has a feeling that as if he was in a land of grapes， The Grape Gauge， about 8 kilometers in length， is one with grapevines grown on the slopes of the both sides， and deep into the Gauge， there is a tourist resort， shaded by grapevines and from late June to early October， clusters of grapes hanging overhead and the mineral water flowing from under the rocks make the resort a great attraction. In fact， the city proper itself is one that is surrounded or covered by grapevines. Many streets themselves are vineyards or trellises with grapevines， together with the fruit stands the whole city is a mixture of the fruit orchard and market， since 1990， the Grape festival held in the city becomes a great attraction not only to business people， but people from all over the world.
In history， Turpan was the capital of ancient Gaochang Kingdom (from the sixth century) and later the administration residence of Xizhou. It was a very important juncture on the Silk Road through which the western cultures and Chinese culture encountered and crashed and exchanged. A great many historical sites and cultural relics have remained. And the city is known as a “natural museum of man and culture.
The major tour sites of the area of the Northern Part of South Xijiang centered by Turpan: the Flaming Mountains， the Moon Lake， Grape Gouge， Karez System， the Ruins of ancient City of Jiaohe， the ruins of ancient City of Gaochang， Bezeklik Thousand Buddha Caves， Emin Minaret， Astan-Kharakhoja Tombs， Sand Dune Park， the Sand Plant Park.
Xinjiang is located in the motherland as inland by a strong continental climate, where gathered a lot of ethnic minorities, most of the residents prefer to meat-based diet, beef and mutton can be seen everywhere here, so that by the Xinjiang sure to try the local Kaoquan Yang, as well as a real string of Xinjiang lamb, lamb pilaf and hands. Pasta is the main staple food in Xinjiang, where the more common one called "Nang", showing apricot yellow, surrounded by thick, thin middle. There sesame Nang, meat Nang, Nang layers, such as g Nang and other varieties, is a kind of flour mixed with yeast su**ce, light salt and noodles, baked cake made of. Nang mind when doing thin at the bottom of the bundle of numerous holes, each affixed to Nang Pit, to be braised roast 10 minutes later, crisp taste of "Nang" on the pan, and this "Nang" may keep well, and So many visitors to Xinjiang deliberately brought back taste of this food. According to Xinjiang because it is a long time here than other places in the fruit sweet, so Turpan grapes, Hami melon is well-known at home and abroad. Xinjiang cuisine: roast lamb pilaf thin-skinned dumplings baked buns Kaoquan Yang Xiang-Fen Tang Nang La striped clutch jen na Smoked breast meat Ma Ma San intestinal oil seed oil tower sub-hanging braised pork noodle soup Niangpi seed oil San Kuqa sub-Pal Wood breast milk horse milk wine.
The northern xinjiang have altay mountain, in the south kunlun mountain, karakoram and altun. Tianshan, xinjiang tianshan mountains as symbol, central, southern traverses formed tarim basin and northern in junggar basin. Traditionally the tianshan region south of call nanjiang, tianshan area north of xinjiang, the name call east hami and turpan basin, xinjiang. Xinjiang abundant and unique tourism resources. Xinjiang tourism magical landscape unique natural, ice and HuoZhou opposite deserts and oasis fain.
Xinjiang tourism culture accumulation massiness, dense nationality amorous feedings, numerous places of interests, which have great potential for exploitation. Xinjiang tourism scenic spot famous natural scenery has tianchi, kanas lake, nalati grasslands, Boston, SaiLiMuHu, bain brooke grassland, etc. Xinjiang humanities rich tourist resources, in the ancient silk road in the south, north, three main line has hundreds of ancient city, ancient tombs, ancient sites caocao thousand-buddha grottoes, humanities landscape, jiaohe city, city, loulan gaochang sites, kilzil thousand-buddha cave, sweet princess tomb of famous international, record the history of junction between Chinese and western culture, showing the ancient xinjiang brilliant culture and picture scroll, attracting more and more tourists. Xinjiang uygur autonomous region is world-famous dance township, melon and fruit of the township, the gentiles.
Xinjiang is a huge-geographical country, is a vast land, mountains and magnificence, vast endless, monuments, ethnic folk throughout numerous, singular. Xinjiang tourism scenic spots have altitude 8600 meters of the world, and second peak 154 meters below sea level minimum depssions, both a Chinese inner-leakage li river, world-now the grassland, and overflow weird gobi dreamland and mysterious desert wonders. Well-pserved original plant and animal species, accentuated advantaged nature colors. Xinjiang land rich and beautiful, the vastness and magical, The people, hospitality, both gracious, enthusiasm, and simplicity, friendly, Here is the poet's kingdom, artists of treasure, historians of heaven, travellers' paradise!
The Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region is to be known to all the world's dance village, township of fruits, Golden Jade state.Xinjiang's vast, vast territory and abundant resources, magnificent mountains and rivers, vast expanse, monuments everywhere, many ethnic, folk singular.Rich tourism resources, the tourism resources has a total of 68, while Xinjiang has 56, occupy countrywide tourism resources type 83%.A total of one thousand attractions in Xinjiang more than 100, ranking first in the country, in this vast land, glaciers and snow ridge and Gobi Hanhai symbiosis, plateau landscape landscape implication in Tianshan, Taishan, Kunlun Mountains, the world famous, there are many glacier, snow peaks on the cliffside waterfall, exotic animals.Here are the world's second highest peak elevation of 8600 meters, and 154 meters below sea level is the lowest China depressions, both out in a river, hectares of grassland, and lustrous and dazzling Gobi fairyland, mysterious wonders of the desert.Well-preserved primitive animal and plant populations, accentuated be richly endowed by nature nature nature.