Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? A teacher's ability to relate well with the students is more important than knowing the subject well. Use specific reasons and details to explain your opinion. In his beautifully filmed movie, Not One Less, Chinese director Zhang Yimou tells the story of 13-year-old Wei Minzhi, who is hired as a substitute teacher in a poor country town, even though she is only slightly older than the students. When one of the studentsleaves to find work in the city, she recruits the others to help her raise money to find him and bring him back. In the process, she teaches her students practical math. ("How many days will we need to stack bricks to earn enough for the ticket?") The students,formerly rowdy and disobedient towards this completely inexperienced teacher, rally around her, help her raise the funds, and amazingly learn math principles as well. Wei Minzhi barely knows the subject matter herself, but she is able to engage her students inthe learning process. The greatest teachers do more than just transfer information to their students-they encourage them to learn for themselves. In the 5'" century BC, Socrates taught his student Plato by means of a series of logical questions (a technique known as the "Socratic Method"). Plato, in turn, used what he learned from Socrates (published in the SocraticDialogues) to teach his own student, Aristotle (who then passed the lessons on to HIS student, Alexander the Great). In more recent times, educators have emphasized the importance of participatory learning, by which students have a say in their own course of study and can challenge themselves with problems to be solved, not just formulae to be memorized. As influential 19th-century writer and philosopher Johann Wolfgang von Goethe put it,"A teacher who can arouse a feeling for one single good action, for one single good poem, accomplishes more than he who fills our memory with rows and rows of natural objects, classified with name and form." In the early 20th century, pioneering educator Maria Montessori perfected her "Method," which demonstrated that children learn bestthrough self-directed study. There is a very famous saying about learning, attributed to Confucius, which goes:"I hear and I forget. I see and I remember. I do and 1-understand! In that run一down.elementary school, Wei Minzhi of years past-but she ended began the lesson with the same old rote up involving her students in their own learning method learning process.They might never remember a particular mathematical equation, but they will surely never forget how they used what they had learned to achieve a particular success.
译文 你是否同意以下观点?老师让学生一起参与的能力比了解学科更为重要。请用具体的理由和事例来说明。 在美丽的影片《一个都不能少》中，中国导演张艺谋讲述了13岁女孩魏敏芝在一个贫困山区任代课老师的故事.尽管她自己并不比那些学生大多少。当其中一名学生为了到城里打工而退学的时候，她号召学生们为她筹车票钱，以便能够到城里找到这名学生并把他带回来。在这个过程中,魏敏芝教学生们实用数学。(我们需要砌多少天的砖才能攒够车票钱?)那些之前对这个毫无授课经验的代课老师吵吵闹闹很叛逆的学生。聚集在她身边，不仅帮她筹钱，而令人惊奇的是他们还很好地掌握了数学原理。虽然魏敏芝本身几乎不懂数学，但是她能够把她的学生吸引到学习的过程中。 出色的老师不仅向学生传达信息—他们更鼓励学生自主学习。公元前5世纪.苏格拉底总是通过提一系列逻辑问题的方法来教他的学生柏拉图。这就是知名的“苏格拉底问答法”。之后，柏拉图把从苏格拉底学到的教育方法发表于《苏格拉底对话》应用到了自己的学生亚里士多德身上(而亚里士多德又向自己的学生亚历山大大帝传授了这种方法)。 在近代.教育家强调参与式学习的重要性.通过这种方式，学生在学习过程中有发言权，并且敢于去挑战自己解决问题，而不仅仅是死记硬背。正如非常有影响力的19世纪作家、哲学家约翰·沃尔夫冈·冯·歌德所言:“一个能够唤起学生任何一个良好的举动，引导学生做出任何一首好诗的老师，比单纯地向学生灌输条条框框的知识更有成就。”在20世纪早期.教育先驱玛丽亚·蒙特梭利完美实践了自己的“教育方法”.该教育方法指出在学业上，通过自主学习.儿童可以学得更好。 中国有句关于学习的名言出自孔子，他说:“听而易忘，见而易记，做而易懂。”在那个简陋的小学，虽然一开始，魏敏芝用老套的死记硬背的方法来教异学生，但后她成功地让学生参与到了自己的学习中。学生也许根本记不住那些特定的数学方程，似是他们肯定不会忘记，他们如何用自己所学的知识取得了成功。